The Future Tense in Slovene

Slovene Verbs are quite simple and you can get around with just three tenses: Sedanjik (the Present Tense), Preteklik (the Past Tense) and today, we will learn about Prihodnjik (the Future Tense).

Prihodnjik – the Future Tense

If you understand the Slovene Past Tense quite well, then the Slovene Future Tense will be a real piece of cake for you!

The formula is very simple:

Future Tense = To be (Future Tense)¹ + Participle² + L_³

¹To be (Future Tense)

Here’s some new stuff, the verb To Be – Biti, in the Future Tense.

Jaz

bom

ne bom

Ti

boš

ne boš

On, Ona

bo_

ne bo_

Midva, Medve

bova

ne bova

Vidva, Vedve

bosta

ne bosta

Onadva, Onidve

bosta

ne bosta

Mi, Me

bomo

ne bomo

Vi, Ve

boste

ne boste

Oni, One

bojo, bodo

ne bojo, ne bodo

The other two elements, ² Participle and ³ L_ is exactly the same as in the Slovene Past Tense, I have already explained in the previous lesson, so for those who missed it, please have a look here.


The concept of Slovene Verbs is not overly difficult, but what makes it a challenge is really all the exceptions that follows a “different set of rules”. So, in my opinion, the easiest way to remember the conjugation, is to know the singular masculine form and go from there.

Here’s an example of a regular verb ending with -ti like delati, to work/to do.

Male

Female

Singular

Jaz bom delal

Jaz bom delala

Dual

Onadva bosta delala

Onidve bosta delali

Plural

Oni bodo delali

One bodo delale

*Please note that biti, to be, in the Future Tense doesn’t have a participle ∴ “jaz bom” and not “jaz bom bil” versus biti in the Past Tense, that is “jaz sem bil“.


One of my favorite reference for Slovene verbs, especially while learning the exceptions, is Slovenski Glagol by Rada Lečič. If you have any questions or other tools, let me know via the comment box below!


Discover more Slovene “lessons” that might interest you: Slovene Numbers & Numerals, Slovene Nouns & Pronouns, Slovene Verbs, Slovene AdjectivesSlovene SyntaxSlovenian Idioms.

Let’s learn,
Anna.

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2 thoughts on “The Future Tense in Slovene

  1. This is so helpful! When I search for information about Slovene, it is usually too much or too little information. This is perfect. If you ever get a chance to do a guide on noun/adjective declensions, it would be awesome. The information I am finding is very confusing, and while nominative and accusative cases are pretty simple, the rest are a bit harder for me. If you know any sites or books that can help, I would appreciate it. Hvala!

    Like

  2. Hello sloveniabound!
    I’m glad that you like it! It is in my plan to write guides about the Slovene grammar cases (skloni). Nominative is case 1, Accusative is case 4 – the next you need to learn is Genitive, case 2. I don’t know any website or books that explains them, but I can share you a personal guide that I’ve created during my Slovene class. Contact me (via the contact me tab) and I will gladly help you 🙂

    Like

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