First Sklon – Nominative

Slovene grammar is  divided into 6 grammatical cases – called  skloni. Depending on the situation, you will use a specific sklon. Each sklon has its own ending for the masculine, feminine and neutral form (if you’re not sure what’s that about, check How to Determine the Gender of a Noun in Slovene) as well as the singular, dual and plural form. So, with some calculations, one noun can be written in 18 different ways.

DON’T PANIC!

It may seems a lot at first, but once you understand how it works, it’s not that difficult!

First Sklon – Nominative

The first sklon is also known as imenovalnik in Slovene and it is the “Nominative” case. The imenovalnik sklon is the “original” form of the noun, meaning, the form you will find in the dictionary.

In Slovene, everything has to match: the adjective, the noun (subject) as well as the conjugation of the verb.

Here’s an table with an example of an adjective with its noun:

 SKLON 1  (m) STAR_ TELEFON_ (ž) NOVA TORBA (s) VELIKO LETALO
(E) To je star_ telefon_ nova torba veliko letalo
vroče morje
(D) To sta stara telefona novi torbi veliki letali
(M) To so stari telefoni nove torbe velika letala
Reminder:  (E) ednina/singular, (D) dvojina/dual, (M) množina/plural and (m) moški/masculine, (ž) ženski/feminine, (s) srednji/neutral.

❤ A simplified version of the ending that you need to remember:

 SKLON 1 (m) (ž) (s)
(E -Ø -Ø -A -A -O/E* -O/E
(D -A -A -I -I -I -I
(M -I -I -E -E -A -A
Reminder: is the famous bracket (c, č, š, ž, j) where the o changes into e.

As you can see,

  • the ending of the dual masculine form (marked in blue) is the same as the plural neutral form and
  • the ending of the plural masculine form (marked in orange) is the same as the dual neutral form.

Once you’ve learn the ending of the first sklon, all you need to know is when to apply it.

When to use the first sklon

  1. the noun is the subject.
    For example, the telephone is blue → telefon je moder.
  2. the noun is used with specific “pre-made” phrases:
    • všeč mi je […]  I like […] | i.e. všeč mi je čokolada (I like chocolate),
    • boli me […] […] hurts me and
    • zanima me […] […] interest me.
  3.  the noun is used with specific verbs:
    • biti (to be) with its positive and negative form | i.e. to je/ni torba (this is/is not a bag),
    • postati (to become), ostati (to remain) and imenovati (to name).

There are more, but knowing those above is already a great start!


Learning a new language is sometimes challenging but it should be fun at the same time  🙂 – we all have to start somewhere and memorizing the first sklon is not only a good start but also a needed step to properly learn Slovene!

If you have any questions or more tricks you would like to share, please leave me a comment and I will get back at you – we are all here to refine our Slovene!


Discover more Slovene “lessons” that might interest you: Slovene Numbers & Numerals, Slovene Nouns & Pronouns, Slovene Verbs, Slovene AdjectivesSlovene SyntaxSlovenian Idioms.

Let’s learn,
Anna.

Advertisements

4 thoughts on “First Sklon – Nominative

  1. After being totally lost when it comes to the cases, this blog helped me more than anything. I am still not perfect with all of them, but I am better than I was before. Thanks Anna!

    Like

Leave a thought

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s