As we know, numbers can be used in an infinity of distinct situations. The simple numbers 1, 2, 3 in Slovene can also take many different and interesting forms as well.
Sometimes, it doesn’t follow the “logical” order, therefore, you need to remember by <3. It will be marked in red.
One, Two, Three
The general form of numbers – številke, is the most basic and simple form: ena, dva, tri, štiri, pet. It is usually used for counting such as for age (koliko si star)or price (koliko stane).
|Keep in mind that due to different genders, amounts and skloni, the nouns and adjectives might take a different forms.
There’s different way to count. To say “this is/these are…”, we say “to je/sta/so…1” en stol(m), dva stola, trije/štirje stoli, pet stolov. To say “I have…“, we say “imam…4” en stol, dva stola, tri/štiri stole, pet stolov.
One o’clock, Two o’clock, Three o’clock
Depending on the question what time is it – kolika je ura or when – kdaj, the answer will be different. Keep in mind that prepositions in Slovene are very important.
For “kolika je ura“, the answer is “ura je…1” ena, dve, tri.
For “kdaj“, the answer is “ob…5*“enih, dveh, treh, štirih, petih.
|For half hours, the adverb “pol” is used, and it’s with the second sklon – genitive. And that, no matter of the question. For example, 12:30 is pol enih, 1:30 is pol dveh, 2:30 is pol treh, 3:30 is pol štirih and 4:30 is pol petih.
To indicate half past, quarter past and so on, the preposition “čez” is used and it’s with the fourth sklon – accusative. For example, 10:05 is pet (minut) čez deset.
On the other hand, to say “till” one, the preposition “do” is used and it’s with the second sklon – genitive. For example, 9:55 is pet (minut) do desetih.
Once, Twice, Three time
In Slovene, frequency are easy to express. Simply by adding -krat at the end of the number will do the trick. For example, once, twice, three time is enkrat, dvakrat, trikrat. This “rules” also apply with adverb, such as večkrat (multiple time) or velikokrat (many times). And if you want to say “one more time“, it is še enkrat.
First, Second, Third
Order and Rank
Just like in English, ordinal numbers in Slovene takes a different form: prvi, drugi, tretji, četrti, peti.
It is also used for dates. For example, January 1st is prvi januar, January 2nd is drugi januar, January 3rd is tretji januar.
| With dates, to say “today is…”, we say “danes je prvi januar1“. To say “today, we are…”, we say “danes, smo prvega januarja2.
How to say dates and times in Slovene
Ordinal numbers can also be used for ranked frequency by adding a -č at the end. First time, second time, third time and last time is prvič, drugič, tretjič and zadnjič.
There are so many different and interesting ways to use 1, 2, 3 in Slovene. If you have any questions, comments or more ideas of use, don’t hesitate to share it with me!