Nouns – First Feminine Declension

As we know, feminine Slovene nouns are usually identified by their -a ending, that group follows the six grammatical cases known as skloni. But some feminine nouns are known as exceptions: they have different endings and follow different declensions.

If you aren’t sure how to identify nouns gender, read: How to Determine the Gender of a Noun in Slovene.

First Female Declension, endings with –ev

Nouns that end with -ev, such as breskev (peach), cerkev (church), lestev (ladder) are feminine. They belong in the first feminine declension group known as prva ženska sklanjatev. Notice how the “e” is underlined, it means that when declined, the “e” is removed.

If you know you know the female declension of nouns ending with -a, learning the first feminine declension ending with -ev should be easy. Pay attention to the text in blue.

Here’s the table of Skloni with feminine noun ending with –a:

 “normal” Ednina/Singular Dvojina/Dual Množina/Plural
 SKLON 1 stara miza stari mizi stare mize
 SKLON 2 stare mize starih miz_ starih miz_
 SKLON 3 stari mizi starima mizama starim mizam
 SKLON 4 staro mizo stari mizi stare mize
 SKLON 5 stari mizi starih mizah starih mizah
 SKLON 6 staro mizo starima mizama starimi mizami

Here’s the table of Skloni with feminine noun ending with –e:

  1 ž. skl. Ednina/Singular Dvojina/Dual Množina/Plural
 SKLON 1 stara breskev stari breskvi stare breskve
 SKLON 2 stare breskve starih breskev starih lestev
 SKLON 3 stari breskvi starima breskvama starim breskvam
 SKLON 4 staro breskev stari breskvi stare breskve
 SKLON 5 stari breskvi starih breskvah starih breskvah
 SKLON 6 staro breskvijo starima breskvama starimi breskvami

As you can see, most of the endings in the first female declension are almost the same as the “normal” feminine declension – only four endings are different.

❤ A simplified version of the ending:

 “normal” Ednina/Singular Dvojina/Dual Množina/Plural
 SKLON 1 -A -A -I -I -E -E
 SKLON 2 -E -E  -IH –_ -IH –_
 SKLON 3  -I -I  -IMA -AMA -IM -AM
 SKLON 4 -O –O  -I -I -E -E
 SKLON 5 -I – I -IH -AH -IH -AH
 SKLON 6 -O –O -IMA – AMA -IMI – AMI

and

 1 ž. skl. Ednina/Singular Dvojina/Dual Množina/Plural
 SKLON 1 -A -EV -I -I -E -E
 SKLON 2 -E -E  -IH –EV -IH –EV
 SKLON 3  -I -I  -IMA -AMA -IM -AM
 SKLON 4 -O –EV  -I -I -E -E
 SKLON 5 -I – I -IH -AH -IH -AH
 SKLON 6 -O –IJO -IMA – AMA -IMI – AMI

If we compare the two tables:

  • the singular form in fourth case remains the same as its original form,
  • the singular form in sixth case, instead of being just –O, it becomes –IJO and
  • the dual and plural form in second case remains the same as its original form.

The declension of adjectives remain the same as in “normal” declension.


Also, an interesting fact: some feminine nouns ending with -ev derive from a verb. Such as:

  • rešitev (solution), which comes from rešiti (to solve),
  • ločitev (separation) ← ločiti (to separate),
  • prireditev (arrangement) ← prirediti (to arrange).

But please note that not all verbs have an –ev version!


Oh… since this is the first feminine declension, there is a second, third and fourth female declension – but those will be covered for another post! 🙂 If you have any comments, questions, just drop a comment or send me a message! I will try to reply as soon as I can!

On a side note, this was not even a super long or detailed post to write and it took me what seems like FOREVER! I guess with a baby that feeds on my attention, I can’t really be helped – especially now that she loves to practice her new skill: rolling!


Meanwhile… discover more Slovene “lessons” that might interest you: Slovene Numbers & NumeralsSlovene Nouns & PronounsSlovene VerbsSlovene AdjectivesSlovene SyntaxSlovenian Idioms.

Let’s learn,
Anna.

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