Imperative Mood in Slovene

Regular Slovene verbs are usually quite simple and straightforward to apply and used. An interesting aspect of verbs is the imperative grammatical mood – velelnik. To give a command or an order, such as “come here” or “let’s go”. (Which is quite handy and essential to know when you have young children!)

As we know, infinitive verbs in Slovene are divided into different categories of endings and it affects the endings of its imperative form. The best way to remember it is to compare it with the “jaz” form in present tense.

For most  infinitive form ends with -TI

POVABITI (to invite) jaz povabim povabi / povabite
PRODATI (to sell) jaz prodam prodaj / prodajte
KAZATI (to show) jaz kažem kaži / kažite
POTOVATI (to travel) jaz potujem potuj / potujte

As you can see

  • IM → –I
  • AM → –AJ
  • EM → –I
  • (U)JEMJ
The imperative mood is usually used with the second person. For the plural form, it can’t be any simpler, you just add “-te” at the end.

For infinitive verbs that ends with -ČI

TEČI (to run) jaz tečem teci / tecite
REČI (to say) jaz rečem reci / recite
PEČI (to bake) jaz pečem peci / pecite

As you can see, the Č becomes C.

  • ČICI

For infinitive form ends with -TI, but that are irregular

BITI (to be) jaz sem bodi / bodite
ITI (to go) jaz grem pojdi / pojdite
JESTI (to eat) jaz jem jej / jejte
VEDETI (to know) jaz vem vedi / vediti
IMETI (to have) jaz imam imej / imejte
PRITI (to come) jaz pridem pridi / pridite
PITI (to drink) jaz pijem pij / pijte
OSTATI (to remain) jaz ostanem ostani / ostanite
GLEDATI (to watch, to look) jaz gledam glej / glejte
STATI (to stand) jaz stojim stoj / stojte
POVEDATI (to tell) jaz povem povej / povejte
IMETI (to have) jaz imam imej / imejte
VZETI (to take) jaz vzamem vzemi / vzemite
NAJETI (to hire) jaz najamem najemi / najemite
POKLICATI (to call) jaz pokličem pokliči / pokličite
POJETI (to sing) jaz pojem poj / pojte

The endings for irregular verbs do not follow a specific “pattern”, therefore you need to learn them by heart…


These are just short lists of verbs in the imperative mood. Regular verbs are not too difficult, but irregular ones can be quite tricky.  Practice makes perfect – the more you will use them, the easier it will be!

One reference that I can totally recommend for verbs is  Slovenski Glagol by Rada Lečič. If you have any questions or comments, do let me know! Two kids keep me busy, but I will always try my best to get back at you, as fast as possible! 🙂


Discover more Slovene “lessons” that might interest you: Slovene Numbers & NumeralsSlovene Nouns & PronounsSlovene VerbsSlovene AdjectivesSlovene SyntaxSlovenian Idioms, Slovene Adverbs.

Let’s learn,
Anna.

 

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