Nouns – Neuter Exceptions

Neuter Slovene nouns end with “-e” or “-o” and follow the six grammatical cases known as skloni. Neuter exceptions have the same endings, but with some extra “add-ups”, which we will cover now.

Ending with -O

Most nouns ending in “-o” are neuter ( if it’s not masculine exceptions). You will probably recognize some of them.

When declined, “-es” is added.

  • kolo (bicycle) → Grem z kolesom6E  (I go with bicycle).
  • drevo (tree) → Imamo veliko dreves2M (We have lots of trees).
  • telo (body), slovo (farewell)
 (E) ednina(D) dvojina(M) množina
Sklon 1telotelesitelesa
Sklon 2telesatelesteles
Sklon 3telesutelesomatelesom
Sklon 4telotelesitelesa
Sklon 5telesutelesihtelesih
Sklon 6telesomtelesomatelesi

When declined,  it takes a different forms and “-es” is added.

  • oko (eye) → Tim je imel poškodbe očesa4M (Tim had eyes injuries).
  • uho (ear) → esa1Mme bolijo (My ears hurt me).
 (E) ednina(D) dvojina(M) množina
Sklon 1uhoesiesa
Sklon 2esaeses
Sklon 3esuesomaesom
Sklon 4uhoesiesa
Sklon 5esuesihesih
Sklon 6esomesomaesi

Ending with -E

Another ending for neuter is “-e” (again, if it’s not a masculine exceptions).

When declined, “-t” is added, usually for youths.

  • tele (calf, baby cow) → Letos imamo tri teleta4M (This year we have three calves).
  • dekle (little girl) →  V skupini so tri dekleta1M (In the group are three little girls).
 (E) ednina(D) dvojina(M) množina
Sklon 1dekledekletidekleta
Sklon 2dekletadekletdeklet
Sklon 3dekletudekletomadekletom
Sklon 4dekle
Sklon 5dekletudekletihdekletih
Sklon 6dekletomdekletomadekleti

When declined, “-n” is added.

  • ime (name) → Pes je brez imena2E (The dog is without a name).
  • vreme (weather) → Danes nimamo lepega vremena2E (Today we don’t have good weather).
  • pleme (tribe), breme (load), ramaž / rames (shoulder)
 (E) ednina(D) dvojina(M) množina
Sklon 1imeimeniimena
Sklon 2imenaimenimen
Sklon 3imenuimenomaimenom
Sklon 4imeimeniimena
Sklon 5imenuimenihimenih
Sklon 6imenomimenomaimeni

If compared with feminine and masculine exceptions, neuters are probably less complicated. Although, as a foreigner, learning “exceptions” can sometimes be difficult. From my point of view, the importance is not to always remember the exceptions, but to know that they exist. If you have any questions, let me know!

Discover more Slovene “lessons” that might interest you: Slovene Numbers & NumeralsSlovene Nouns & PronounsSlovene VerbsSlovene AdjectivesSlovene SyntaxSlovenian IdiomsSlovene Adverbs.

Let’s learn,

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