Nouns – Neuter Exceptions

Neuter Slovene nouns end with “-e” or “-o” and follow the six grammatical cases known as skloni. Neuter exceptions have the same endings, but with some extra “add-ups”, which we will cover now.

Ending with -O

Most nouns ending in “-o” are neuter ( if it’s not masculine exceptions). You will probably recognize some of them.

When declined, “-es” is added.

  • kolo (bicycle) → Grem z kolesom6E  (I go with bicycle).
  • drevo (tree) → Imamo veliko dreves2M (We have lots of trees).
  • telo (body), slovo (farewell)
(E) ednina (D) dvojina (M) množina
Sklon 1 telo telesi telesa
Sklon 2 telesa teles teles
Sklon 3 telesu telesoma telesom
Sklon 4 telo telesi telesa
Sklon 5 telesu telesih telesih
Sklon 6 telesom telesoma telesi

When declined,  it takes a different forms and “-es” is added.

  • oko (eye) → Tim je imel poškodbe očesa4M (Tim had eyes injuries).
  • uho (ear) → esa1Mme bolijo (My ears hurt me).
(E) ednina (D) dvojina (M) množina
Sklon 1 uho esi esa
Sklon 2 esa es es
Sklon 3 esu esoma esom
Sklon 4 uho esi esa
Sklon 5 esu esih esih
Sklon 6 esom esoma esi

Ending with -E

Another ending for neuter is “-e” (again, if it’s not a masculine exceptions).

When declined, “-t” is added, usually for youths.

  • tele (calf, baby cow) → Letos imamo tri teleta4M (This year we have three calves).
  • dekle (little girl) →  V skupini so tri dekleta1M (In the group are three little girls).
(E) ednina (D) dvojina (M) množina
Sklon 1 dekle dekleti dekleta
Sklon 2 dekleta deklet deklet
Sklon 3 dekletu dekletoma dekletom
Sklon 4 dekle
dekleta
dekleti dekleta
Sklon 5 dekletu dekletih dekletih
Sklon 6 dekletom dekletoma dekleti

When the ending, “-n” is added.

  • ime (name) → Pes je brez imena2E (The dog is without a name).
  • vreme (weather) → Danes nimamo lepega vremena2E (Today we don’t have good weather).
  • pleme (tribe), breme (load), ramaž / rames (shoulder)
(E) ednina (D) dvojina (M) množina
Sklon 1 ime imeni imena
Sklon 2 imena imen imen
Sklon 3 imenu imenoma imenom
Sklon 4 ime imeni imena
Sklon 5 imenu imenih imenih
Sklon 6 imenom imenoma imeni

If compared with feminine and masculine exceptions, neuters are probably less complicated. Although, as a foreigner, learning “exceptions” can sometimes be difficult. From my point of view, the importance is not to always remember the exceptions, but to know that they exist. If you have any questions, let me know!


Discover more Slovene “lessons” that might interest you: Slovene Numbers & NumeralsSlovene Nouns & PronounsSlovene VerbsSlovene AdjectivesSlovene SyntaxSlovenian IdiomsSlovene Adverbs.

Let’s learn,
Anna.

Leave a thought

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.