Video – Opposites in Slovene

Hey guys,
as my yearly subscription is coming to an end, I’ve decided to stop using Powtoon EDU for creating video. I’m going to to try out Canva.com instead. I have to say that I am quite happy with the results and how easy it is to use. I hope that you will like it too!

If you want to try Canva.com for your projects, you can use my Referral Link (here).

We will both earn Canva Credits for premium elements for free!

I didn’t make a “vocabulary list” for “Slovene opposites – Nasprostja” because I highly encourage that you create your own! By writing them down and using them, it will be a lot easier to remember!

Do let me know how you like (or not like) my new video. For more videos, don’t forget to subscribe to my YouTube channel: Anna in Slovenia!

Weather and Seasons in Slovene

Talking about weather or seasons is a great typical conversation starter, especially with strangers, because it’s quite casual and neutral. But how do you express the different weather and seasons?

Weather – Vreme

There are many ways to express weather in Slovene. Nouns, verbs and adjective are used specifically.

Sun –Sonce 

  • Danes je sončno (It is sunny today).
  • Danes sije sonce (The sun is shinning today).
    *sijati – to shine
  • Jasno (clear sky)

Cloud – Oblak

  • Danes je oblačno (It is cloudy today).
  • Delno oblačno (partially cloudy)

Rain – Dež

  • Danes dežuje (It is raining today).
    *deževati – to rain
  • Danes pada dež (Rain is falling today).
    *padati – to fall
  • Danes je deževno (Today is  rainy on and off).

Wind – Veter

  • Danes je vetrovno (Today is windy).
  • Danes piha veter (The wind is blowing today).
    *pihati – to blow

Snow – Sneg

  • Danes sneži (It is snowing today).
    *snežeti – to snow
  • Danes pada sneg (Snow is falling today).
    *padati – to fall

Fog – Megla

  • Danes je megleno (Today is foggy).
  • Danes je megla (There is fog today).

Lightining – Strela, Thunder – Grmi

  • Danes je nevihtno (There is a storm today).
  • Orkan (hurricane), Poplava (flood), Potres (earthquake), Plaz (avalanche).

Other words

  • Mavrica – Rainbow
  • Toča – Hail

Seasons – Letni časi

For seasons, there are two ways to express them.

As a Noun

  • Letni časi so pomlad, poletje, jesen in zima (The seasons are spring, summer, autumn and winter).
  • Moj najljubši letni čas je pomlad (My favorite season is spring).
  • Slovenske zime niso preveč mrzle (Slovenian winters are not too cold).

As a Time frame 

  • Rojstni dan imam spomladi (I have birthday in spring).
  • Veliko dela imamo poleti (We have lots of work in the summer).
  • Jeseni obiramo jabolka (We pick up apples in autumn).
  • Pozimi smučamo in se sankamo (In winter we ski and sledge).

Some phrases that you can use to express the temperature would be:

  • Danes je toplo/mrzlo/suho/mokro (Today is warm/cold/dry/wet).
  • Imamo toplo/mrzlo/suho/mokro vreme (We have warm/cold/dry/wet weather).

And a funny expression:

  • kot Aprilsko vreme (like April weather) : it means that it is very unreliable or volatile, just like the weather in April – where there can be rain and sun in the same day.

If there’s any more weather or temperature that you would like me to add, just let me know! Hope you had fun with this lessons, and practice it as much as you can, as a conversation starter!

Lepo se imej – Have a nice day,
Anna.

Useful Slovene – in Healthcare Center

Being able to express yourself is very important, especially during “critical times” – such as in a healthcare center. Usually, staffs will know how to speak some English, but it might not always the case. Therefore, have a basic understanding of words and questions can be extremely useful.


Upon arrival at any healthcare center, you will probably need to fill a form or answer some questions . Here are some examples.

Identification

  • Kako vam je ime / Kako se pišete?  (What is your name and last name?)
    Ime in Priimek
    (Name and Last name)
  • Spol : moški  / ženska – (Gender : male / female)
  • Kdaj ste rojeni? (When were you born?)
    Datum rojstva (Date of birth)
  • Osebna izkaznica – ID card
  • Kje je vaše stalno/začasno prebivališče? (Where is your permanent / temporary residency?)
    Stalni / Začasni naslov – Permanent / Temporary Address

Medications

  • Ali redno jemljete kakšna zdravila? (Do you regularly take any medications?)
  • Katera zdravila jemljete? (Which medications do you take?)
  • Ali imate sladkorno bolezen? (Do you have diabetes?)
    težave s srcem (heart problems) / krvni pritisk (blood pressure) / bolezni pljuč (lung disease) / obolenja ledvic (kidney disease) / težave z želodcem (digestive problems / obolenja jeter (liver disease) / bolezni črevesja (bowel disease) / obolenja ščitnice (thyroid problems) / krvna oboljenja (blood disorder) / obolenja živčevja (neurological disorders) / hormonske motnje (hormonal disorders) / mišična obolenja (muscles disorders) / rakasta obolenja (cancer) / bolezni oči (eyes problems) / obolenja sluha (hearing problems)
  • Ali imate alergije? (Do you have allergies?)
    na živila (food) / na cvetni prah (pollen) / na penicilin / na aspirin / na kontrastna sredstva pri rentgenskem slikanju (radio-contrast agent for imaging)

Health Habit Information

  • Koliko ste težki / visoki? (What is your weight / height ?)
    teža (weight) /  višina (height)
  • očala (glasses) / slušni aparat (hearing aids) / zobna proteza (Dental prosthesis)
  • Ali kadite? (Do you smoke?)
    kadilec (smoker) / nekadilec (non-smoker)
  • Kako pogosto greste na blato? (How often do you have a bowel movement?)
  • Kolikokrat dnevno greste na vodo? (How frequent do you urinate per day?)
  • Ali dobro spite? (Do you sleep well?)
  • Ali doma jemljete uspavala? (Do you take sleeping pills at home?)

Food

  • A imate dieto? (Do you have a diet?)
    brez sladkorja (without sugar) / z manj maščobami (less fat) / vegatarijanski (vegetarian) / z manj soli (less salt) / brez glutena (without gluten) / bogato z beljakovinami (rich in proteins)
  • Kaj radi jeste? (What do you like to eat?)

Signs and Symptoms

  • Kakšne težave imate? (What problems do you have?)
  • Ali vam je slabo? (Do you have nausea?)
  • Kako se počutite? (How are you feeling?)
  • Ali imate vročino? (Do you have fever?)
  • Ali kašljate? (Are you coughing?)
  • Kakšna je boličina? (How is the pain?)
  • Ali imate težave pri dihanju? (Do you have problem breathing?)
  • glavobol (headache) / slabost (nausea) / bruhanje (vomit) / bolečina (pain) / utrujenost (tiredness) / motnje vida (vision problems) / zmedenost (confusion) / ohromelost (numbness) / kašelj (cough) / oteklina (swelling) / omotica (dizziness) / krvavitev (bleeding) / izpuščaji (rashes)

Indeed, this vocabulary list doesn’t cover every situations. Therefore, if there are others words or questions that you would like me to add, please let me know.

Corona-virus is now present in Slovenia, what you should remember are the signs and symptoms:

  • vročina (fever)
  • kašelj (cough)
  • težko dihanje (difficulty breathing)
  • bolečine v mišicah (muscles pain)
  • utrujenost (tiredness)

Slovenian information number for COVID-19 is 080 1404

With that being said, everyone be safe and please follow the official measures and recommendations in place.

Let’s learn and stay healthy,
Anna.

Greetings and Wishes for Special Occasions

There are specific greetings and different wishes that can be used on particular occasions. It is good to know them, either for traveling to Slovenia, for fun or to impress the Slovenian locals!

Holidays

During holidays celebrations, we wish:

  • Vesel božič – Merry Christmas
  • Srečno novo leto – Happy New Year
  • Vesele praznike – Happy holidays
  • Vesele velikonočne praznike – Happy Easter

Life Events

For special life events, we wish:

  • Vse najboljše (za rojstni dan) – All the best (for your birthday)
  • Čestitam – Congratulations (graduation, wedding, winning an award…)
  • Srečno pot – Safe travel, Have a good travel
  • Bodi bolje – Get well soon, Get better soon

Everyday Use

Other greetings (beside the Basic Greetings) that we use every day:

  • Dobrodošli – Welcome
  • Srečno – Good luck
  • Na zdravje – Cheers (when you drink), Bless you (when you sneeze)
  • Dober tek – Enjoy your meal
  • Lep dan – Good day
  • Lepo se imej – Have a nice day

If there are other greetings that you want to know about or that interest you, just let me know!

Lepo se imej – Have a nice day,
Anna.

Introduce Yourself – Basic

Slovene is a very polite and specific language.

  • It has a two forms of speech Formal (F) and Informal (I).
  • It differentiates if you are referring to a Male moški (m) or Female – ženska (ž).

Formal Speech is expected to be used for first meetings and during formal occasion (like during a business conference, meeting the parents or in Court).

If you are talking with your friends, you can use the Informal Speech.

And if you are not sure which form of speech to use, use the formal one – it’s better to be more polite than too friendly.


Introduce Yourself

  • Kako vam je ime (F) / Kako ti je ime (I)? – What is your name?
    Jaz sem Anna
    – I am Anna / Ime mi je Anna – My name is Anna.

Normally, after your interlocutor has introduced himself or herself, you would say:
me veseli – nice to meet you.

  • Od kod ste (F)/ Od kod si (I)? – Where are you from?
    Jaz sem iz Kanade, iz Montreala – I am from Canada, from Montreal.

    If your country name ends with an “a“, it changes into “e“. [A⇒E]
    If it doesn’t end with an “a”, then you add an “a” to it. [no A ⇒ add A]

    Check Country, Nationality and Language to make your own introduction.

When travelling in Slovenia, it’s a good idea to arm yourself with few basic greetings and pre-made sentences to go around. If you can master them, the Slovenians will be very impressed!

Don’t worry, more to come!

Se vidimo – See you,
Anna.

Basic Greetings

Depending which part of Slovenia you are in, the greetings used locally might be different – please note that each region has their own dialect as well.

Which greetings that you will be using also depends on the time of the day. As in English, we say “Good morning” in the morning and “Good evening” in the evening. Here’s some guidelines.

Meeting Someone

During the day, until 9 AM, Dobro Jutro – Good morning.

After 9 AM and the most common form for Hello

  • Živjo – more friendly
  • Dober Dan – more formal and polite “Good day”
  • Zdravo – usually used near Maribor region

There’s a few different ways to say Goodbye

  • Adijo or Čao – more friendly  “Bye”
  • Nasvidenje – more formal and polite
  • Se vidimo (jutri) – with friends “See you (tomorrow)”

If it’s in the evening, from 6-7 to 9 PM, Dober Večer  – Good evening.

Saying Goodbye or when you’re heading to bed, Lahko Noč – Good night.


I hope you are enjoying yourself – learning some basics greetings!

Se vidimo kmalu – See you soon,
Anna.