Talking about weather or seasons is a great typical conversation starter, especially with strangers, because it’s quite casual and neutral. But how do you express the different weather and seasons?
Weather – Vreme
There are many ways to express weather in Slovene. Nouns, verbs and adjective are used specifically.
- Danes je sončno (It is sunny today).
- Danes sije sonce (The sun is shinning today).
*sijati – to shine
- Jasno (clear sky)
Cloud – Oblak
- Danes je oblačno (It is cloudy today).
- Delno oblačno (partially cloudy)
Rain – Dež
- Danes dežuje (It is raining today).
*deževati – to rain
- Danes pada dež (Rain is falling today).
*padati – to fall
- Danes je deževno (Today is rainy on and off).
Wind – Veter
- Danes je vetrovno (Today is windy).
- Danes piha veter (The wind is blowing today).
*pihati – to blow
Snow – Sneg
- Danes sneži (It is snowing today).
*snežeti – to snow
- Danes pada sneg (Snow is falling today).
*padati – to fall
Fog – Megla
- Danes je megleno (Today is foggy).
- Danes je megla (There is fog today).
Lightining – Strela, Thunder – Grmi
- Danes je nevihtno (There is a storm today).
- Orkan (hurricane), Poplava (flood), Potres (earthquake), Plaz (avalanche).
- Mavrica – Rainbow
- Toča – Hail
Seasons – Letni časi
For seasons, there are two ways to express them.
As a Noun
- Letni časi so pomlad, poletje, jesen in zima (The seasons are spring, summer, autumn and winter).
- Moj najljubši letni čas je pomlad (My favorite season is spring).
- Slovenske zime niso preveč mrzle (Slovenian winters are not too cold).
As a Time frame
- Rojstni dan imam spomladi (I have birthday in spring).
- Veliko dela imamo poleti (We have lots of work in the summer).
- Jeseni obiramo jabolka (We pick up apples in autumn).
- Pozimi smučamo in se sankamo (In winter we ski and sledge).
Some phrases that you can use to express the temperature would be:
- Danes je toplo/mrzlo/suho/mokro (Today is warm/cold/dry/wet).
- Imamo toplo/mrzlo/suho/mokro vreme (We have warm/cold/dry/wet weather).
And a funny expression:
- kot Aprilsko vreme (like April weather) : it means that it is very unreliable or volatile, just like the weather in April – where there can be rain and sun in the same day.
If there’s any more weather or temperature that you would like me to add, just let me know! Hope you had fun with this lessons, and practice it as much as you can, as a conversation starter!
Lepo se imej – Have a nice day,
There are specific greetings and different wishes that can be used on particular occasions. It is good to know them, either for traveling to Slovenia, for fun or to impress the Slovenian locals!
During holidays celebrations, we wish:
- Vesel božič – Merry Christmas
- Srečno novo leto – Happy New Year
- Vesele praznike – Happy holidays
- Vesele velikonočne praznike – Happy Easter
For special life events, we wish:
- Vse najboljše (za rojstni dan) – All the best (for your birthday)
- Čestitam – Congratulations (graduation, wedding, winning an award…)
- Srečno pot – Safe travel, Have a good travel
- Bodi bolje – Get well soon, Get better soon
Other greetings (beside the Basic Greetings) that we use every day:
- Dobrodošli – Welcome
- Srečno – Good luck
- Na zdravje – Cheers (when you drink), Bless you (when you sneeze)
- Dober tek – Enjoy your meal
- Lep dan – Good day
- Lepo se imej – Have a nice day
If there are other greetings that you want to know about or that interest you, just let me know!
Lepo se imej – Have a nice day,
Slovene is a very polite and specific language.
- It has a two forms of speech Formal (F) and Informal (I).
- It differentiates if you are referring to a Male – moški (m) or Female – ženska (ž).
Formal Speech is expected to be used for first meetings and during formal occasion (like during a business conference, meeting the parents or in Court).
If you are talking with your friends, you can use the Informal Speech.
And if you are not sure which form of speech to use, use the formal one – it’s better to be more polite than too friendly.
- Kako vam je ime (F) / Kako ti je ime (I)? – What is your name?
Jaz sem Anna – I am Anna / Ime mi je Anna – My name is Anna.
Normally, after your interlocutor has introduced himself or herself, you would say:
“me veseli“ – nice to meet you.
- Od kod ste (F)/ Od kod si (I)? – Where are you from?
Jaz sem iz Kanade, iz Montreala – I am from Canada, from Montreal.
|If your country name ends with an “a“, it changes into “e“. [A⇒E]
If it doesn’t end with an “a”, then you add an “a” to it. [no A ⇒ add A]
Check Country, Nationality and Language to make your own introduction.
- Koliko ste stari(F) – Koliko si star(m)/ stara (ž)? – How old are you?
Star(m)/stara (ž) sem ___ let – I am ___ years old.
- Kaj ste po poklicu (F) / Kaj si po poklicu (I)? – What is your education/profession?
Po poklicu sem medicinska sestra – My profession is nursing.
When travelling in Slovenia, it’s a good idea to arm yourself with few basic greetings and pre-made sentences to go around. If you can master them, the Slovenians will be very impressed!
Don’t worry, more to come!
Se vidimo – See you,
Depending which part of Slovenia you are in, the greetings used locally might be different – please note that each region has their own dialect as well.
Which greetings that you will be using also depends on the time of the day. As in English, we say “Good morning” in the morning and “Good evening” in the evening. Here’s some guidelines.
During the day, until 9 AM, Dobro Jutro – Good morning.
After 9 AM and the most common form for Hello
- Živjo – more friendly
- Dober Dan – more formal and polite “Good day”
- Zdravo – usually used near Maribor region
There’s a few different ways to say Goodbye
- Adijo or Čao – more friendly “Bye”
- Nasvidenje – more formal and polite
- Se vidimo (jutri) – with friends “See you (tomorrow)”
If it’s in the evening, from 6-7 to 9 PM, Dober Večer – Good evening.
Saying Goodbye or when you’re heading to bed, Lahko Noč – Good night.
I hope you are enjoying yourself – learning some basics greetings!
Se vidimo kmalu – See you soon,