Different Uses of 1, 2, 3 in Slovene

As we know, numbers  can be used in an infinity of distinct situations. The simple numbers 1, 2, 3 in Slovene can also take many different and interesting forms as well.

Sometimes, it doesn’t follow the “logical” order, therefore, you need to remember by <3. It will be marked in red.

One, Two, Three

General Form
The general form of numbersštevilke, is the most basic and simple form: ena, dva, tri, štiri, pet. It is usually used for counting such as for age (koliko si star)or price (koliko stane).

Keep in mind that due to different genders, amounts and skloni, the nouns and adjectives might take a different forms.

There’s different way to count. To say “this is/these are…”, we say “to je/sta/so…1en stol(m), dva stola, trije/štirje stoli, pet stolov. To say I have…“, we say “imam4en stol, dva stola, tri/štiri stole, pet stolov.

One o’clock, Two o’clock, Three o’clock

Time
Depending on the question what time is itkolika je ura or whenkdaj, the answer will be different.  Keep in mind that prepositions in Slovene are very important.

For “kolika je ura“, the answer is “ura je…1ena, dve, tri.
For “kdaj“, the answer is “ob…5*enih, dveh, treh, štirih, petih.

For half hours, the adverb “pol” is used, and it’s with the second sklon – genitive.  And that, no matter of the question. For example, 12:30 is pol enih, 1:30 is pol dveh, 2:30 is pol treh, 3:30 is pol štirih and 4:30 is pol petih.

To indicate half past, quarter past and so on, the preposition “čez” is used and it’s with the fourth sklon – accusative. For example, 10:05 is pet (minut) čez deset.

On the other hand, to say “till” one, the preposition “do” is used and it’s with the second sklon – genitive. For example, 9:55 is pet (minut) do desetih.

Once, Twice, Three time

Frequency
In Slovene, frequency are easy to express. Simply by adding -krat at the end of the number will do the trick. For example, once, twice, three time is enkrat, dvakrat, trikrat. This “rules” also apply with adverb, such as večkrat (multiple time) or velikokrat (many times). And if you want to say “one more time“, it is še enkrat.

First, Second, Third

Order and Rank
Just like in English, ordeal numbers in Slovene takes a different form: prvi, drugi, tretji, četrti, peti.

Date
It is also used for dates. For example, January 1st is prvi januarJanuary 2nd is drugi januarJanuary 3rd is tretji januar.

 With dates, to say “today is…”, we say “danes je prvi januar1“. To say “today, we are…”, we say “danes, smo prvega januarja2.

How to say dates and times in Slovene

Ranked Frequency
Ordeal numbers can also be used for ranked frequency by adding a at the end. First time, second time, third time and last time is prvič, drugič, tretjič and zadnjič.


There are so many different and interesting ways to use 1, 2, 3 in Slovene. If you have any questions, comments or more ideas of use, don’t hesitate to share it with me!


Discover more Slovene “lessons” that might interest you: Slovene Numbers & Numerals, Slovene Nouns & Pronouns, Slovene Verbs, Slovene AdjectivesSlovene SyntaxSlovenian Idioms.

Let’s learn,
Anna.

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How to Say Dates and Times in Slovene – Part 2

Ways of saying dates and times in Slovene is quite versatile and precise and it can be expressed with most of the skloni, except the Third Sklon – Dative. This post is the second part of How to Say Dates and Times in Slovene – Part 1.


Koliko (How much, how many, how long)

Koliko časa2 ste bili v Sloveniji5 (How long have you been in Slovenia)?

  • I have been in Slovenia for 3 years → V Sloveniji5 sem bila tri leta4.
    Dan (day), teden (week), mesec (month) and leto (year)

Kdaj (When)

Kdaj imate rojstni dan (When do you have birthday)?

  • Rojstni dan4 imam dvanajstega aprila(a precise date).
  • Rojstni dan imam danes.
    Včeraj (yesterday), danes (today) and jutri (tomorrow).
  • Rojstni dan imam spomladi* (during a season).
    Seasons: pomlad (spring) poletje (summer), jesen (autumn) and zima (winter).

    *How to refer to “during” a season: spomladi, poleti, jeseni and pozimi.

Kdaj je odprta pisarna (When is the office open)?

  • The office is open from 9:00 to 17:00 → Pisarna je odprta od devetih2 do petih2 .
  • The office is open in the afternoon → Pisarna je odprta popoldne*.
    Times of day: dan (day), noč (night), jutro (morning), večer (evening), dopoldan (before noon) and popoldan (afternoon).

    *How to refer “during” the time of day: podnevi, ponoči, zjutraj, zvečer, dopoldne and popoldne.

Kdaj ste šli zadnjič v kino (When was the last time you went to the movie theater)?

  • Last year → Lani.
    Lani (last year), letos (this year), prihodnje/naslednje leto (next year).
  • One week ago → Pred enim tednom6.
  • Last month → Prejšnji mesec.
    Prejšnji(m) (last), ta(m/ž)/to(s) (this) and naslednji(m) (the following, next).

These are just a few examples of the endless situations where dates and times are being used.


Expressing dates and times can sometimes be quite tricky in Slovene – the more you practice, the more comfortable you will be with the concept!

For more help or any comments , don’t hesitate to contact me by writing me a private message or via the comment box! 😉


Discover more Slovene “lessons” that might interest you: Slovene Numbers & Numerals, Slovene Nouns & Pronouns, Slovene Verbs, Slovene AdjectivesSlovene SyntaxSlovenian Idioms.

Let’s learn,
Anna.

How to Say Dates and Times in Slovene – Part 1

Expressing dates and times is quite an art in Slovene as it can be used with the First Sklon – Nominative, Fourth Sklon – AccusativeSecond Sklon – GenitiveFifth Sklon – Locative and the Sixth Sklon – Instrumental. We just have to know when to use which…


Dates in Slovene can be written in different ways, but it follows this order:

DAY – MONTH  YEAR

  • 21.04.2016 or 21._4._2016 or 21.4.2016
  • 21._april 2016 or 21._aprila 2016
Please take note of the space (colored in pink) between the elements of the date.

Here are some common situations were dates and times are used with different skloni.

Koliko (How much, how many, how long)

Koliko je ura1 (What time is it / What is the time)?

  • The time is 8:00 → Ura je osem1.
  • The time is 8:30 → Ura je pol* devetih2.
    *Be careful: the adverb pol is associated with the second sklon.

Kateri (Which)

Kateri danje danes (Which day of the week is today)?

  • Today is Monday → Danes je ponedeljek1.
    Days of the week: ponedeljek (Monday), torek (Tuesday), sreda (Wednesday), četrtek (Thursday), petek (Friday), sobota (Saturday) and nedelja (Sunday).

Kateri je danes (Which date is today)?

  • Today is April 21rst → Danes je enaindvajseti april1.

    * Note that the number in date ends with –i.

    For more information: Numbers in General – Številke

    Months: januar, februar, marec, april, maj, junij, julij, avgust, september, oktober, november and december.

Kateregasmo danes (Which day are we today)?

  • We’re April 21rst → Smo enaindvajsetega aprila2.

Kdaj (When)

Kdaj imate sestanek (When do you have an appointment)?

  • Imam sestanek4 v torek4/ v sredo(once in Tuesday / Wednesday).
  • Imam sestanek4 čez eno uro4 (in one hour).
  • Imam sestanek4 ob ponedeljekih5(M) (every Monday) / ob devetih(at 9:00).
    Time follows different rules, remember: ob enih, ob dveh*, ob treh*, ob štirih, ob petih

For more situations where dates and times are needed: How to Say Dates and Times in Slovene – Part 2.


Dates and times might seem like a complex concept, but knowing how to express them properly will be gratifying at the end. It is also very useful on a daily base or for more special occasion, such as appointment or birthdays.

If you have questions or comments, you are more than welcome to contact me and I will be more than happy to reply you!


Discover more Slovene “lessons” that might interest you: Slovene Numbers & Numerals, Slovene Nouns & Pronouns, Slovene Verbs, Slovene AdjectivesSlovene SyntaxSlovenian Idioms.

Let’s learn,
Anna.

How to Express Quantities in Slovene – Second Sklon

As I’ve mentioned before, quantity or amount – količina, in Slovene, is expressed with the Second Sklon – Genitive.  The main dilemma with količina is to know which form, ednina (E) or množina (M), to use. as some nouns are only expressed in one form.


Koliko – how much, how many

Koliko means how many or how much.  Frequent use of koliko with other skloni includes:

  • Sklon 1: Koliko je ura? What is the time?
  • Sklon 4: Koliko stanes? → How much does it cost?

Koliko [samostanik]2(E/M)…?

One frequent use of koliko with the second sklon is Koliko [samostanik]2(E/M)…?

  • Koliko časa2(E) imate? How much time do you have?
  • Koliko psov2(M) imate How many dogs do you have?

If you have noticed, čas is in ednina, and pes is in množina.

With the second sklon, some nouns are only expressed in ednina, while others are only used in množina (with other skloni, some nouns can still have ednina, dvojina and množina form).

Here’s a few guidelines:

Only singular – samo ednina

  • šport – such as smučanje (skiing), tenis
  • tekočina – liquid such as kava (coffee), pivo (beer), vino, voda (water)…
  • prah – powder such as sladkor (sugar), moka (flour), sol (salt), poper (pepper)…
  • zelenjava – most vegetables are expressed in ednina such as krompir (potatoe), solata (salad), korenje (carrot), brokoli
    Exceptions: kumara (cucumber), bučka (pumkin), jajčevec (eggplant)… are expressed in množina.
  • others nounssadje (fruit), hrana (food), čas (time), denar (money), dela (work)…

Only plural – samo množina

  • sadje – most fruits are expressed in množina such as jabolko (apple), banana, jagoda (strawberry)…
    Exceptions: (exotic fruits) such as mango, melona, liči, grozdje, ananas… are expressed in ednina.
  • other nouns (that comes in pairs) – such as očala (glasses), vrata (doors), hlače (pants), tla (floors), počitnice (holidays)…

Adverbs that quantify

The noun following quantifying adverbs is always in množina form (EXCEPT if they are only used in singular form!).

Adverbs that quantify are:

  • veliko (a lot), malo (a little), pol (half of), polna (full of)
  • preveč (too much), dovolj (enough), premalo (too little),
  • nekaj (somewhat), manj (less), več (more) and
  • nič (nothing) ⭐ double negation

For example, I need some onions Potrebujem nekaj čebul2(M). / I need some flour Potrebujem nekaj moke2(E).

For nouns that can be used in both ednina and množina, you have to be careful as to what you want to express.
i.e. Pojedla sem nekaj torte2(E) →  I ate up some (slice of) cake VS Pojedla sem nekaj tort2(M) →  I ate up some cakes (many whole cakes, without actual number).

Nouns that quantify

The noun following quantifying nouns can be ednina or množina form, according to the first guideline above.

Nouns that quantify are:

  • kilogram, liter,
  • škatla (box), vrečka (bag),
  • kozarec (glass), skodelica (cup), steklenica (glass bottle),  plastenka (plastic bottle),
  • krožnik (plate), kepica (scoop), lonček (small pot)

For example, I need 1 box of salad Potrebujem eno4 škatlo4solate2.


5 and more

When the amount is more than 5, the noun is in second sklon in its plural form but the conjugated verb is in singular form.
i.e. To sta dve litra1(D) vina2(E)To je pet litrov2(M) vina2(E)

When a general statement is made, using a quantifying noun with a noun, the verb is always conjugated in singular.
i.e. Veliko ljudi2(M) je bogat zajtrk4 / Malo ljudi2(M)pije čaj4.

Knowing how to express quantities will help you greatly, especially when you’re at the stores (koliko vrst2(M) kruha2(E) imate?) – but it is also very useful for composing your own questions and answers when you’re meeting someone new (koliko bratov2(M) imate?).

If you have any questions or comments, don’t hesitate and contact me and I will be more than happy to help you out with your Slovene!


Discover more Slovene “lessons” that might interest you: Slovene Numbers & Numerals, Slovene Nouns & Pronouns, Slovene Verbs, Slovene AdjectivesSlovene SyntaxSlovenian Idioms.

Let’s learn,
Anna.

Numbers in General – Številke

Numbers – številke, in Slovene is not very hard. All you need to know is a few basics. Keep reading to understand all about numbers in Slovene.

Few things  to remember:

  • Know the number from 1 to 10.
  • Know the number 0, 10, 20, 100, 1000, 1.000.000 and 1.000.000.000.
  • Count reversely.

Zero to Nineteen

0

NIČ

10

DESET

1

ena

11

enajst

2

dva

12

dvanajst

3

tri

13

trinajst

4

štiri

14

štirinajst

5

pet

15

petnajst

6

šest

16

šestnajst

7

sedem

17

sedemnajst

8

osem

18

osemnajst

9

devet

19

devetnajst

As you can see, 11 to 19 is basically 1 to 9 + najst.

For example,
12 is dva (2) + najst = dva-najst → dvanajst,
19 is devet (9) + najst = devet-najst → devetnajst.


Twenty and On

20

DVAJSET

30

trideset

21

enaindvajset

31

enaintrideset

22

dvaindvajset

40

štirideset

23

triindvajset

41

enainštirideset

24

štiriindvajset

50

petdeset

25

petindvajset

51

enainpetdeset

Do you notice the pattern?

Let me show you,
20 is dvajset,
21 is ena (1) + in (and) + dvajset (20) = ena-in-dvajset enaindvajset,
28 is osem (8) + in (and) + dvajset (20) = osem-in-dvajset osemindvajset.

Compared to English, Slovene numbers are said reversed.

For example,
in English – 21 is twenty (20) + one (1) = twenty-one,
in Slovene – 21 is ena (1) + in (and) + dvajset (20) = ena-in-dvajset → enaindvajset.


30 is trideset, the litteral translation would be “three ten”.

Looking closer,
37 is sedem (7) + in (and) + trideset (30) = sedem-in-trideset → sedemintrideset.


Once we reached 99, devetindevetdeset
100 is sto, 200 is dvesto, 300 is tristo, 400 is štiristo, 500 is petsto… and so on.

For example,
999 is devetsto devetindevetdeset.

Then we’ve reached…
1000 is tisoč, 2000 is dva tisoč, 3000 is tri tisoč

9999 is devettisoč devetsto devetindevetdeset.


1.000.000 is milijon, 2.000.000 is dva milijona, 3.000.000 is tri milijoni
1.000.000.000 is milijarda, 2.000.000.000 is dve milijardi, 3.000.000.000 is tri milijarde


Now, now, numbers in Slovene is not that hard, right?

Here’s some exercise for you:

  1. 27
  2. 3659
  3. 20.891
  4. 786.980
  5. 4.999.999

You can post the answers via the comment box to see if you got it right or not. If you have any questions, be sure to ask me.


Discover more Slovene “lessons” that might interest you: Slovene Numbers & Numerals, Slovene Nouns & Pronouns, Slovene Verbs, Slovene AdjectivesSlovene SyntaxSlovenian Idioms.

Let’s learn,
Anna.