Perfect and Imperfect Verbs Table

Here’s a list of vidski par with 

  • infinitive form of Imperfect verb – Nedovršni glagol
  • infinitive form of Perfect verb – Dovršni glagol

For easier learning, I’ve put the Imperfect on the left and the Perfect on the right with their respective translation.

IMPERFECT – Nedovršni glagol PERFECT – Dovršni glagol
barvati (to paint) pobarvati (to paint)
brati (to read) prebrati (to read, to read through)
čakati (to wait) počakati (to wait)
čutiti (to feel) začutiti (to feel)
dajati (to give) dati (to give)
delati (to do, to work) narediti (to do, to make)
dobivati (to get many times) dobiti (to get)
dodajati (to add) dodati (to add)
dohitevati (to be catching up) dohiteti (to catch up)
dolivati (to add liquid by pouring) doliti (to add liquid by pouring liquid)
dopuščati (to allow) dopustiti (to allow)
dosegati (to reach) doseči (to reach)
dovoljevati (to allow) dovoliti (to allow)
doživljati (to experience) doživeti (to experience)
dvigati (to lift, to raise) dvigniti (to lift, to raise)
gledati (to watch) / videti videti / pogledati (to see / to look at)
govoriti (to speak) reči /povedati (to say / to tell)
hoditi (to walk) shoditi (to start to walk)
iskati (to look for, to search) poiskati (to look up)
izgubljati (to lose) izgubiti (to lose)
izrezovati (to cut out) izrezati (to cut out)
jemati (to take) vzeti (to take)
jesti (to eat) pojesti (to eat up)
kupovati (to buy, to purchase) kupiti (to buy, to purchase)
kuriti (to heat) zakuriti (to heat)
metati (to throw) vreči (to throw)
nagibati (to incline) nagniti (to incline)
najemati (to hire) najeti (to hire)
namigovati (to allude) namigniti (to allude)
nakupovati (to buy) nakupiti (to buy)
nositi (to carry), nesti (to carry)  
obiskovati (to attend, to visit) obiskati (to visit)
objavljati (to publish) objaviti (to publish)
oblačiti (to dress) obleči (to dress up)
obljubljati (to promise) obljubiti (to promise)
odgovarjati (to answer) odgovoriti (to answer)
odhajati (to be leaving) oditi (to do, to leave)
odkupovati (to buy off) odkupiti (to buy off)
odločati se (to decide) odločiti se (to decide)
odpirati (to open) odpreti (to open)
odpuščati (to forgive) odpustiti (to forgive)
opazovati (to observe) opaziti (to notice)
padati (to fall) pasti (to fall)
peči (to bake, to roast) speči (to bake)
pihati (to blow) pihniti (to blow)
pikati (to sting) pičiti (to sting)
pisati (to write) napisati (to write down)
plačevati (to be paying) plačati (to pay)
početi (to do) storiti (to do)
podirati (to pull down) podreti (to pull down)
podpisovati (to sign) podpisati (to sign)
pogovarjati se (to talk) pogovoriti se (to talk)
ponavljati (to repeat many times) ponoviti (to repeat)
ponujati (to offer) ponuditi (to offer)
posojati (to lend) posoditi (to lend)
postajati (to become) postati (to become)
potapljati (to sink) potopiti (to sink)
povzročati (to be causing) povzročiti (to cause)
prebujati se (to awaken) prebuditi se (to awaken)
prebadati (to pierce) prebosti, predreti (to pierce)
prejemati (to receive) prejeti (to receive)
preoblačiti (to change clothes) preobleči (to change clothes)
prepletati (to weave) preplesti (to weave)
prepovedovati (to forbid) prepovedati (to forbid)
prevajati (to translate) prevesti (to translate)
preverjati (to check, to verify) preveriti (to check, to verify)
prihajati (to arrive, to come) priti (to come)
pričakovati (to expect) pričakati (to expect)
pripravljati (to prepare) pripraviti (to prepare)
pritoževati se (to complain) pritožiti se (to complain)
prodajati (to sell) prodati (to sell)
razkrivati (to reveal) razkriti (to reveal)
razstavljati (to exhibit) razstaviti (to exhibit)
raztezati se (to stretch) raztegniti se (to stretch)
rediti (to fatten) zrediti (to fatten)
reševati (to solve, to rescue) rešiti (to solve to rescue)
segati (to reach to) seči (to reach)
skakati (to jump) skočiti (to jump)
sklepati (to conclude) skleniti (to conclude)
slačiti (to undress) sleči (to undress)
spati (to sleep) zaspati (to fall asleep)
spominjati (se) (to remember) spomniti (se) (to remember, to remind)
spraševati se (to ask) vprašati se (to ask)
starati se (to age) postarati se (to age)
svariti (to warn) posvariti (to warn)
udarjati (to strike) udariti (to strike)
ugašati (to turn off) ugasniti (to turn off)
ugotavljati (to ascertain) ugotoviti (to ascertain)
umikati (to withdraw) umakniti (to withdraw)
umivati (to wash) umiti (to wash)
vabiti (to invite) povabiti (to invite)
varovati (to protect) zavarovati (to protect)
večati (to increase) povečati (to increase)
vračati (to return) vrniti (to return)
vstajati (to rise) vstati (to rise, to stand up)
začenjati (to start, to begin) začeti (to start, to begin)
zamujati (to be late) zamuditi (to miss, to be late)
zapirati (to close, to shut) zapreti (to close, to shut)
zaposlovati (to employ) zaposliti (to employ)
zavijati (to wrap, to turn) zaviti (to wrap, to turn)
zbujati (to rouse, to wake) zbuditi (to wake)
zreti (to look at) ozreti se (to look at)

There is obviously more “pairs”. If there are verbs you would want to inquiry about, leave me a comment or a message and I will try my best to add them. 

Please note that some verbs are only perfect or imperfect, while others are perfect and imperfect.

Grammatical Aspect: Perfect vs Imperfect Verbs in Slovene

A very interesting part of the Slovene language is its grammatical aspect, glagolski vid, where a verb is used to express the position in time of an action, state or event. Those verbs are divided into two categories: perfect and imperfect verb – known respectively as dovršni glagol and nedovršni glagol.

Understanding the concept is easy, but knowing which Slovene verb is perfect or imperfect can be quite tricky.

Perfect vs Imperfect Verbs

The term “perfect” verbs usually brings confusion. You might think that because a verb is categorized as “perfect” that it would be something regular, simple and easy… but it is not the case.

I’ve noticed that sometimes, the perfect verbs in Slovene have some “add-on” on its imperfect version. For example:

  • to cook: kuhati (imp)  and skuhati(perf)
  • to read: brati(imp) and prebrati(perf)
  • to search: iskati(imp) and poiskati(perf)

Unfortunately, it is not foul-proof, and you will still have to learn the verbs, but it can help you at the start.

The Perfect Verbs, Dovršni Glagoli

In Slovene, a dovršni glagol is defined as:

  • a verb that gives a result at the end, like an achievement
    i.e. narediti (to do, to make), skuhati (to cook, to prepare food), naučiti se (to learn)
  • a verb that define an action that is done once
    i.e. plačati (to pay once), skočiti (to jump once)
  • a verb that express the beginning  of an ongoing action
    i.e. zaspati (to fall asleep), steči (to start run)

The Imperfect Verbs, Nedovršni Glagoli

Nedovršni glagol is always associated with a period of time and they are defined as:

  • a verb that is ongoing in time
    i.e. delati (to do), kuhati (to cook), učiti se (to learn)
  • a verb that is a repetitive action, done many time
    i.e.  plačovati (to pay many times), skakati (to jump many times)
  • a verb that describe a long action
    i.e. spati (to sleep), teči (to run)

Perfect and imperfect verbs can be quite confusing, as there is no absolute rule to help identify a verb as dovršni or nedovršni. Although, here’s a  little helper:

  • kaj naredim (what do I do) → Perfect
  • kaj delam (what am i doing) → Imperfect
Check my Perfect and Imperfect Verbs Table.

While learning verbs, one source that I use and totally recommend is Slovenski Glagol by Rada Lečič. Also, please note that some verbs are only perfect or imperfect, while others are perfect and imperfect.

Let’s learn,If you have any questions or suggestions for a better approach with the Slovene perfect and imperfect verbs, please contact me and let me know!

Discover more Slovene “lessons” that might interest you: Slovene Numbers & NumeralsSlovene Nouns & PronounsSlovene VerbsSlovene AdjectivesSlovene SyntaxSlovenian Idioms, Slovene Adverbs.

Let’s learn,