Personal Pronouns – All Skloni

As we know, nouns in Slovene are used in six different declensions, known as skloni. It is the same for personal pronoun. A little bit more complex than English, the main role of the Slovene pronoun is also to “replace” the noun by using a shorter version and avoiding the repetition of the noun.

All at once, the personal pronoun, osebni zaimek, can be quite difficult to remember. That’s why we will go step-by-step. Also, before applying personal pronouns for all skloni, I suggest that you be familiar with the use of each sklon (Learn more about Slovene Nouns & Pronouns).

Zx with the number of sklon in subscripts will be used to indicate the personal pronoun of that specific sklon.

Some personal pronouns has a long and short version.

First, Second and Fourth Sklon

By now, you should know very well what the Personal pronoun in the First Sklon – Nominative are, and I will use them in the table as a reference.

Table for Z1, Z2 and Z4:

Z1 Z2 Z4
jaz mene, me mene, me
ti tebe, te tebe, te
on / ono njega, ga njega, ga
ona nje, je njo, jo
midva / medve naju naju
vidva / vedve vaju vaju
onadva / onidve njiju, ju njiju, ju
mi / me nas nas
vi / ve vas vas
oni / one / ona njih, jih njih, jih

As you can see, most of the personal pronouns in  Second Sklon – Genitive and Fourth Sklon – Accusative are basically the same. The only difference is with ona.

Do you see the link: Ne gledam televizije2 → Ne gledam je2. VS Gledam televizijo4 → Gledam jo4.

Third, Fourth and Fifth Sklon

Z1 Z3 Z4 Z5
jaz meni, mi mene, me meni
ti tebi, ti tebe, te tebi
on / ono njemu, mu njega, ga njem
ona njej, ji njo, jo njej
midva /medve nama naju naju
vidva / vedve vama vaju vaju
onadva / onidve njima, jima njiju, ju njiju
mi / me nam nas nas
vi / ve vam vas vas
oni / one / ona njim, jim njih, jih njih

The personal pronouns in the Third Sklon – Dative, Fourth Sklon – Accusative and Fifth Sklon – Locative have a lot of similarities:

  • most of the singular person in Z3 and Z5 are the same and
  • most of the dual and plural  person in Z4 and Z5 are the same.

Third and Sixth Sklon

Z1 Z3 Z6
jaz meni, mi z menoj, z mano
ti tebi, ti s teboj, s tabo
on / ono njemu, mu z njim
ona njej, ji z njo
midva / medve nama z nama
vidva / vedve vama z vama
onidva / onidve njima, jima z njima
mi / me nam z nami
vi / ve vam z vami
oni / one / ona njim, jim z njimi

As you can see, personal pronouns in Third Sklon – Dative and Sixth Sklon – Instrumental have many in commons, but with a slight changes:

  • z / s is a preposition in the Sixth Sklon (careful with “s teboj, s tabo“) and
  • for the plural person in Zand Zare very similar, but in Zyou add an “i” at the end.

Here’s a table with the personal pronouns in all skloni:

Z1 Z2 Z3 Z4 Z5 Z6
jaz mene, me meni, mi mene, me meni z menoj, z mano
ti tebe, te tebi, ti tebe, te tebi s teboj, s tabo
on / ono njega, ga njemu, mu njega, ga njem z njim
ona nje, je njej, ji njo, jo njej z njo
midva / medve naju nama naju naju z nama
vidva / vedve vaju vama vaju vaju z vama
onadva / onidve njiju, ju njima, jima njiju, ju njiju z njima
mi / me nas nam nas nas z nami
vi / ve vas vam vas vas z vami
oni / one / ona njih, jih njim, jim njih, jih njih z njimi

I know it is a lot of material at once and I hope that I didn’t confuse you too much. But learning a new language, especially complex like Slovene, will take time and practice. Take one bite at the time 🙂

If you have any questions, comments or other tricks, please do share with me!


Discover more Slovene “lessons” that might interest you: Slovene Numbers & Numerals, Slovene Nouns & Pronouns, Slovene Verbs, Slovene AdjectivesSlovene SyntaxSlovenian Idioms.

Let’s learn,
Anna.

The Personal Pronouns in First Sklon – Nominative

Slovene might be a difficult language to learn, but thankfully, the pattern of Slovene verbs is not that hard to understand, but first, let’s talk about pronouns.

Personal Pronoun, the Subject

Most languages have the I, You, He/She/It in singular form and We, You and They in plural form. When the pronoun is used as a subject, the pronoun is in the First Sklon – Nominative.

Slovene is a very precise language, because it has a dual form and it also differentiates between female and male subject.

Singular Form – Ednina

  • Jaz (I),
  • Ti (You),
  • On (He),
  • Ona (She),
  • Ono (It).

Dual Form – Dvojina

  • Midva (we two males or one male and one female),
  • Midve or Medve (we two females).
  • Vidva (you two males or one male and one female),
  • Vidve or Vedve (you two females).
  • Onadva (they two males or one male and one female),
  • Onidve (they two females).

Plural Form – Množina

  • Mi (we males or males and females),
  • Me (we females).
  • Vi (you males or males and females),
  • Ve (you females).
  • Oni (they males or males and females),
  • One (they females).

At first, it might be a little confusing for the brain to decide which to use, but overtime and with practice, you will become an expert. Vaja dela mojstra – Practice makes perfect.


❤ You can start learning to Be – Biti in positive and negative form with the most useful Pronouns.

  • Jaz sem / nisem
  • Ti si / nisi
  • On, Ona je / ni
  • Mi smo / nismo
  • Vi ste / niste
  • Oni, One so / niso

I’ve noticed that many Slovenians forget/don’t use the dual form because  it’s more difficult. But if you think about it, after a few decades, the dual form might be completely gone, and I think that it would be very sad and hurtful. Therefore, if you really want to learn a language, learn it properly – while being practical as well.

If you have any questions, comments or other tricks, leave me a message!


Discover more Slovene “lessons” that might interest you: Slovene Numbers & Numerals, Slovene Nouns & Pronouns, Slovene Verbs, Slovene AdjectivesSlovene SyntaxSlovenian Idioms.

Let’s learn,
Anna